Mentor and Coach Roles

Mentors and Coaches are the keystone of our programs. The descriptions below outline the definition of Coach and Mentor for each of the four FIRST programs.

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Junior FIRST LEGO League


FIRST Tech Challenge

FIRST Robotics Competition

Junior FIRST LEGO League (Jr.FLL)

Jr.FLL Coach

Coaches guide teams through their challenge, which includes creating a LEGO model with a motorized part and making a ‘Show Me’ poster that explains what the team learned. They keep teams on track and ask “leading questions,” but they are mainly there to make sure the children have fun.

Jr.FLL Mentor

Mentors, at the Jr.FLL level, help Coaches organize events as well as find resources and events in their area.


FLL Coach

An FLL Coach provides support to his or her team and guides them in completing the season’s Challenge. The Coach asks questions, encourages the team to  explore options, promotes teamwork and participation by all members, exemplifies Gracious Professionalism™, reinforces FLL’s Core Values and commits to having fun.

FLL Mentor

An FLL Mentor has a certain expertise a team may need. The Mentor may contribute their expertise through instruction, guidance to the team, or serve as a resource on a one-time or multiple-time basis.

FIRST Tech Challenge (FTC)

FTC Coach/Mentor* 

*FTC does not differentiate between Mentor or Coach

An FTC Coach/Mentor works with his or her students by helping them to develop skills and to design and build a successful robot. They guide teams through any issues they encounter, making them stronger in both their school and personal lives. They inspire students in ways far beyond science and technology and enable both students and adults to appreciate the value of sportsmanship, teamwork, and Gracious Professionalism® in a way that might not be possible otherwise.

FIRST Robotics Competition

FRC Mentor

FRC Mentors play a vital role in the success of their students. Mentors work extensively with team members during the build season, designing, building, and fabricating a functional robot for Competition. Their expertise is the catalyst for the team’s and students’ success. FRC Mentors are the major distinction between the FRC program and other robotic competitions as they are wholly the professional role model for the student. Mentors engage and inspire students in ways far beyond science and technology. They enable both students and adults to appreciate the value of sportsmanship, teamwork, and Gracious Professionalism®.